张东赞.“在”的运动事件中时间属性的凸显[J].,2020,(2):101-105
“在”的运动事件中时间属性的凸显
“Zai” Moving Events and Time Attributes Highlight in Morden Chinese
投稿时间:2019-12-18  
DOI:
中文关键词:    运动事件  时间  量度
English Keywords:zai  sports events  time  measure
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作者单位
张东赞 外交学院 基础教学部,北京 100037 
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中文摘要:
      “在”在古代汉语中常用为运动动词,包含运动动词所具有的基本的语义要素。随着其语法化进程的发展,“在”所具有的运动动词的语义框架仍然被保留下来,这成为其转变为时间副词的重要因素。在运动过程中,运动主体和运动目标之间这种空间差距的特点投射到时间领域,从而使“在”表现出不同的语法功能。
English Summary:
      In ancient Chinese, “zai” is often expressed as a moving verb, including the semantic elements of the moving verb. With the development of its grammaticalization, the semantic framework of the verb has been retained, which has become an important factor for its transformation into time adverb. In the process of movement, the spatial gap between the subject of movement and the target of movement is projected into the time domain, so that “zai” can display different grammatical functions.
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