刘文君,程健.民众对核电综合风险认知的成本量化研究[J].,2019,(6):1-10
民众对核电综合风险认知的成本量化研究
Cost Quantitative Study on People's Cognition of Comprehensive Risk of Nuclear Power
投稿时间:2019-10-15  
DOI:
中文关键词:  核电站  成本量化  风险认知  熵权法
English Keywords:nuclear power plant  cost quantification  risk perception  entropy weight method
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作者单位
刘文君 南华大学 经济管理与法学学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
程健 南华大学 经济管理与法学学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
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中文摘要:
      为解决民众核电风险认知对其核电可接受的影响的量化问题,文章对不同地区的600多人进行问卷调查。在研究民众传统核电事故风险认知的同时,基于核电建设的大规模土地使用,添加民众对核电建设土地占用风险的认知。通过熵权法对民众的核电事故风险认知、核电建设的土地占用风险认知进行权重确定,求出综合风险认知以此量化核电建设中民众对这两种风险认知造成的成本。研究结果表明,民众的核电事故风险认知、核电建设土地占用风险的认知对其态度影响不仅是显著的,而且综合风险认知对民众核电站建设的接受态度的影响也是显著的,随着民众对核电综合风险认知的增加,民众对核电站建设的支持度会越来越低,造成的综合风险认知成本也会越来越高。
English Summary:
      In order to solve the quantitative problem of the impact of the people's nuclear power risk perception on their acceptability of nuclear power, more than 600 people from different regions participated in the questionnaire. Researching the risk cognition of the traditional nuclear power accident, the people's awareness of the construction land occupation risk of the nuclear power is added at the same time based on the large-scale land use of nuclear power construction. The entropy weight method is used to weight the public's nuclear power accident risk cognition and nuclear power construction land occupation risk cognition to obtain comprehensive risk cognition, and the comprehensive risk perception is calculated to quantify the cost of the public's perception of these two risks in nuclear power construction. The research results show that the public's perception of the risk of nuclear power accidents and the risk of land occupation risks of nuclear power construction have a significant impact on the acceptance attitude of public nuclear power plant construction, and the comprehensive risk perception has a significant impact on the acceptance attitude of public nuclear power plant construction. With the increase of the public's perception of the comprehensive risk of nuclear power, the public's support for the construction of nuclear power plant will be lower and lower, and the cost of the comprehensive risk perception will be higher and higher.
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