湖南益阳市区7-9岁儿童早期矫治客观需要的调查研究
投稿时间:2013-09-16  修订日期:2013-10-28
DOI:
中文关键词:  错牙合畸形  早期矫治  正畸治疗需要
英文关键词:malocclusion, early  orthodontic treatment ,Index  of Orthodontic  Treatment Need(IOTN)
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
陈晓明 湖南省益阳医学高等专科学校附属医院口腔中心 cxm565@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的:1、了解湖南益阳市区儿童的正畸治疗需要情况;以指导正畸临床治疗和卫生宣教工作;同时,也为公共卫生部门更合理有效地安排正畸相关医疗资源提供参考。方法:对158名符合纳入标准的7-9岁儿童进行模型制备、正牙合像拍摄。根据正畸治疗需要指数(IOTN)中的关于牙齿健康部分(DHC)的相关指数及关于美观部分(AC)相关指数,评价错牙合畸形在7-9岁儿童客观正畸治疗需要。结果:(1)7-9岁湖南益阳籍儿童,从DHC的结果表明有33%的儿童明确需要正畸治疗,53.7%的儿童没有或轻度需要正畸治疗;而从AC得分来看,有13.3%儿童有正畸需要,63.3%的儿童没有或轻度需要正畸治疗。(2)DHC与AC相关性结果分析表明二者有着显著相关关系。结论:7-9岁湖南益阳市区儿童中,有33%的儿童有客观正畸需要;但从美观部分(AC)相关指数来看要低于DHC;应加大早期矫治宣传力度。
英文摘要:
      [English ]Objective:To evaluate children aged 7-9 the index of orthodontic treatment need. In order to give a suggestion to oral health.Methods: S158 S7-9 years children take modulus and take a frontal photo about teeth. To evaluate children aged 7-9 the index of orthodontic treatment need using dental health component and aesthetic component. Results: SThe results indicate that from DHC, 33% of children had great need and very great need for orthodontic treatment need, 53.7% of children had no need. From AC, 13.3% of children had great need and very great need for orthodontic treatment need, 63.3% of children had no need. This correlation was showed in Related of DHC and AC . Conclusion: 33% of 7-9 year-old Hunan Yiyang children had great need and very great need for orthodontic treatment need .AC is lesser than DHC.
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