刘谢慈,党婷婷.智慧法院应用人工智能的风险规制[J].,2022,(4):85-94
智慧法院应用人工智能的风险规制
Risk Regulation of the Intelligent Court Applying Artificial Intelligence
投稿时间:2022-06-06  
DOI:
中文关键词:  智慧法院  风险规制  人工智能  大数据
English Keywords:intelligent court  risk regulation  artificial intelligence  big data (
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作者单位
刘谢慈 湖南工业大学 法学院,湖南 株洲 412007 
党婷婷 湖南工业大学 法学院,湖南 株洲 412007 
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中文摘要:
      随着信息时代的到来,人工智能技术在社会治理领域的应用愈发广泛,其在司法领域的应用趋势也普遍化。但由于技术不成熟以及智慧法院固有特性,其暴露出一系列风险,如人工智能审判重效率轻公正使得审判结果有失偏颇,程序代码的非文字化使智慧法院的判案过程不透明,人工智能辅助审判难以处理涉及道德与价值考量的纠纷,技术标准不一导致涉案数据存疑,系统漏洞引发信息泄露等。作为我国“全面推进数字建设,以信息化驱动现代化”在司法领域的具体体现,智慧法院既为当事人提供了便利,也解决了案多人少的矛盾,从官方政策到司法实践都表现出极大的积极性。面对存在的风险,法官在审判过程中应正视智慧法院的工具属性,控制人工智能的司法边界,根据案件性质和疑难程度选择性适用智慧法院系统处理案件并积极反馈技术缺陷,通过推动人工智能技术在司法领域的深层应用回应审判体系和审判能力现代化的时代需求。
English Summary:
      With the arrival of the information age, the application of artificial intelligence technology in the field of social governance is more and more wide, and its application trend in the judicial field is also universal. However, due to the immaturity of technology and the inherent characteristics of the intelligent court, it has exposed a range of risks. For example, the labor intelligence judgment focuses on efficiency rather than justice, which makes the trial result biased, and the non-literacy of the program code makes the judgment process of the intelligent courts opaque, artificial intelligence assisted trial is difficult to deal with disputes involving moral and value consolidations, different technical standards lead to doubts about the data involved, and system vulnerabilities lead to information disclosure. As the concrete embodiment of China's “comprehensively promoting digital construction and driving modernization” in the judicial field, the intelligent court not only provides convenience for the parties, but also solves the contradiction of many cases and few people. It shows great enthusiasm from the official policy to judicial practice. Facing the existing risks, judges should face up to the instrumental attributes of the intelligent court in the trial process, controlling the judicial boundary of AI, selectively apply the intelligent court system to deal with cases according to the nature and difficulty of the case, actively feed back the technical defects, and respond to the needs of the times for the modernization of the trial system and trial ability by promoting the deep application of artificial intelligence technology in the judicial field.
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