王亭亭.《烟草路》中的帝国优生学[J].,2021,22(2):26-32
《烟草路》中的帝国优生学
The Imperial Eugenics in Tobacco Road
投稿时间:2020-07-18  
DOI:
中文关键词:  《烟草路》  帝国优生学  “白垃圾”
English Keywords:Tobacco Road  imperial eugenics  white trash (
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作者单位
王亭亭 南华大学 语言文学学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
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中文摘要:
      《烟草路》成书于优生学运动在美国发展的高潮时期,以优生学的视角观察美国南方贫穷白人佃农的生活,将“白垃圾”的畸形、弱智和堕落等问题都归因于其劣等的遗传因素,其中的医学话语不仅掩饰了南方贫困佃农遭受的经济剥削和他者化的不平等待遇,还粉饰了帝国统治中的地域差异、文化压迫和强制绝育等问题。小说使优生学成为帝国话语的一部分,巩固了帝国的意识形态及统治。
English Summary:
      Tobacco Road was written during the climax of eugenics movement, and it described the poor life of southern yeomen through the perspective of eugenics. The book attributed the malformed, feeble-minded and degraded white trash problem to the inferior gene, and therefore not only covers the problems like economic exploitation, inequality and otherization suffered by the poor southern yeomen, but also glosses up the regional disparity, cultural oppression and compulsory sterilization in the empire’s ruling. Hence eugenics becomes part of imperial discourses and strengthens the imperial ideology and ruling.
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