高鹏,张甲英.“一带一路”背景下中国海外利益在小国的保护研究[J].,2020,(4):52-60
“一带一路”背景下中国海外利益在小国的保护研究
China’s Overseas Interests Protection in Small States Under the Background of the Belt and Road Initiative
投稿时间:2020-04-07  
DOI:
中文关键词:  中国  “一带一路”倡议  小国  海外利益风险  海外利益保护
English Keywords:China  The Belt and Road Initiative  small states  China  the risks of overseas interests  the protection of overseas interests (
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作者单位
高鹏 青岛大学 政治与公共管理学院,山东 青岛 266000 
张甲英 青岛大学 政治与公共管理学院,山东 青岛 266000 
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中文摘要:
      在推进“一带一路”中,中国在小国的物质性与非物质性海外利益均面临风险,原因主要有内外两个方面:从内部看,对小国尚存错误认知,人文外交总体规划待完善,也存在着企业或个人的不规范行为;从外部看,“一带一路”沿线小国的脆弱性、对外依赖性及边缘性特征导致中国的海外利益遭受风险。中国应根据海外利益的具体风险状况及遭受风险原因制定措施,从自身出发,纠正对小国的错误认知,建立小国专属投资政策,增强针对小国的避险意识,开展有效宣传以改善中国形象;针对小国特性,提高应对突发事件能力,增强对小国的战略惩戒能力。从而有效保护中国在“一带一路”沿线小国的海外利益,并为沿线小国稳步构建命运共同体服务。
English Summary:
      In the propulsion of the Belt and Road, China's material and non-material oversea benefits in small countries are at risk due to two reasons, both internal and external. From the internal view, wrong cognition of small countries still exists, overall planning of cultural diplomacy is to be improved, and there also exist irregular behaviors of enterprise or individual. From the external view, the vulnerability, external dependence and marginal characteristics of small countries along the Belt and Road put China's oversea benefits at risk. China should work out measures according to the specific risk condition of oversea benefits and the reasons of risk, start from self, correct the wrong cognition of small countries, build exclusive investment policy, enhance consciousness of risk avoidance to small countries, carry out effective publicity to improve China's image, increase the ability to respond to emergencies and enhance the capability of strategic punishment to small countries in terms of the characteristics of small countries, so as to effectively protect China's oversea benefits in the small countries along the Belt and Road, and serve for the small countries to steadily build a community of common destiny.
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