王新.功能语言学视角下“好的吧”的使用研究[J].,2020,(2):111-116
功能语言学视角下“好的吧”的使用研究
Aü Study of the Use of “Haode ba” from the Perspective of Functional Linguistics
投稿时间:2020-03-16  
DOI:
中文关键词:  功能语言学  “好的吧”  语体分布  话语功能  共现机制  使用基础
English Keywords:functional linguistics  “Haode ba”  stylistic distribution  discourse function  co-occurrence mechanism  the basis of usage 
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王新 北京语言大学 汉语国际教育研究院,北京 100083 
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中文摘要:
      文章从功能语言学的视角出发,采用日常会话语料和BCC语料库语料,考察了“好的吧”的语体分布、话语功能、“好的”与“吧”的共现机制,以及“好的吧”的使用基础,最后分析了“好的”“好吧”和“好的吧”之间的异同点。研究发现,“好的吧”通常分布在对话体和叙述体中,相应地,话语功能主要包括明示认同力度、彰显权势关系、调节会话氛围、表示应答回应的人际功能以及表示停顿、结束当前话题的关联功能;“好的”与“吧”共现的重要机制是语义语用层面的功能互补;“好的吧”的使用基础包括中华民族的传统心理、人际交往的“合作原则”和“礼貌原则”;“好的”“好吧”和“好的吧”的核心语义可以概括为“表认同”,只是态度表达上略有不同。此外,三者在人际功能和关联功能方面也存在异同。
English Summary:
      From the perspective of functional linguistics, this article uses the daily conversational corpus and BCC corpus to examine the stylistic distribution, discourse function, co-occurrence mechanism of “Haode” and “Ba”. It also analyses the basics of the use of “Haode ba”, and the similarities and differences between “Haode”, “Haoba” and “Haode ba”. The study found that “Haode ba” is usually distributed in dialogues and narratives, accordingly, its discourse functions mainly include interpersonal functions of indicating the degree of identification, highlighting power relationships, regulating the conversational atmosphere and indicating responses; and related functions of indicating pauses, and ending the current topic. The important mechanism for the co-occurrence of “Haode” and “Ba” is the functional complementation at the semantic and pragmatic level; the basis for using “Haode ba” includes the traditional psychology of the Chinese nation and the “cooperation principle” and ‘politeness principle” of interpersonal communication. The core semantics of “Haode”, “Haoba” and “Haode ba” can be summarized as “identification”, but with slightly different attitudes. In addition, these three also have similarities and differences in interpersonal and related functions.
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