张勤.《瓦尔登湖》的生态解读[J].,2020,(1):110-116
《瓦尔登湖》的生态解读
An Ecological Interpretation on Walden
投稿时间:2019-06-30  
DOI:
中文关键词:  梭罗  瓦尔登湖  自然生态观  社会生态  精神生态
English Keywords:Thoreau  Walden  natural ecological outlook  social ecology  spiritual ecology 
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作者单位
张勤 广东外语外贸大学 南国商学院,广东 广州 510545 
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中文摘要:
      20世纪60年代以来,随着全球环境危机日益严重和环保运动迅速兴起,美国掀起了研究梭罗自然思想的热潮,从而激活了“绿色梭罗”的形象,使之成为了美国最优秀、最有影响的作家和环境主义先驱。100多年前选择在美国独立日这天走进瓦尔登湖的梭罗,倡导人们到自然中建立与自然的直接对话,去寻找它那神秘的狂喜和崇高的启示。文章基于生态批评话语,在解读梭罗留给世人的这部“绿色圣经”——《瓦尔登湖》的同时,通过对他的自然生态观视域下的社会生态和精神生态的考量,希图指引人们寻回一个人与自然和谐共存的绿色家园。
English Summary:
      Since the 1960s, in the wake of the worsening global environment and the rapid development of the environmental movement, a wave of researches had been set off in America on Thoreau’s natural thoughts, which activated the “Green Thoreau” image. Thoreau was regarded as the most excellent and influential author as well as the pioneer of environmentalism. Thoreau prior to a century chose to draw close to the Walden Pond on the American Independence Day, encouraging people to go into nature and make direct dialogues with nature, as to seek its mystic ecstasy and sublime inspiration. Based upon the theory of eco-criticism, while giving an interpretation to Walden — the “Green Bible” Thoreau left to the world, through the observation on natural, social and spiritual ecologies, this article serves as a guide for people to look for a homeland where humans and nature coexist in harmony.
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