周宇君.传染病防治和应急法律体系的立法与运行的思考[J].,2020,(1):29-35
传染病防治和应急法律体系的立法与运行的思考
Thoughts on the Contagion Prevention and the Legislation and Operation of the Crisis Law System
投稿时间:2020-02-02  
DOI:
中文关键词:  突发公共卫生事件  应急  立法
English Keywords:public health emergency  emergency  legislation
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作者单位
周宇君 中南大学 医疗卫生法研究中心, 湖南 长沙 410012 
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中文摘要:
      在新冠肺炎疫情暴发后,现行突发公共卫生事件应急相关法律法规在运行中暴露出组织领导、监测预警、信息公布、物资储备等方面的不足。文章通过对传染病防治和突发公共卫生应急相关法律、法规、行政规章等立法现状的梳理,结合新冠肺炎疫情应对中暴露的不足,比较国外成熟法律和管理模式,从传染病防治和应急体制机制、传染病分级、监测系统与信息公开、应急储备系统、应急措施与公民权利保障等方面,提出完善传染病防治和突发公共卫生事件应急法律体系的建议。
English Summary:
      After the outbreak of COVID 19, the laws and regulations related to public health emergency have exposed deficiencies in organizational leadership, monitoring and early warning, disclosure of information, material reserve and other aspects. This paper reviews the status quo of laws, regulations and administrative rules on the prevention of contagion and public health emergency. And meanwhile this paper in combination with the inadequacies exposed in the response to COVID-19 and compared with the mature foreign laws and management models, put foward somen suggestions on improving the legal system for the prevention of contagion and public health emergency from the following aspects of prevention of contagion, and emergency system, contagion classification, monitoring system and information disclosure, emergency reserve system, emergency measures and civil rights protection.
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