刘利乐.核威慑的四大风险及其应对[J].,2020,(1):1-6
核威慑的四大风险及其应对
On the Four Risks of Nuclear Deterrence and Methods to Tackle
投稿时间:2020-02-04  
DOI:
中文关键词:  核威慑  技术风险  信任风险  政治风险  道德风险  安全共同体
English Keywords:nuclear deterrence  technical risk  trust risk  political risk  moral risk  security community
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作者单位
刘利乐 中国社会科学院 哲学研究所,北京 100732 
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中文摘要:
      风险社会中的核威慑自身具有很大的不确定性,容易引发技术风险、信任风险、政治风险和道德风险。对立的主客思维方式、失序的国际规范、内在的逻辑矛盾以及缺失的道德责任导致了核威慑风险的产生与升级,而其中的道德责任是根本性的影响因子。面对日趋严峻的核安全形势,各国应该培植政治智慧与道德理性,强化共生意识和本体性安全,构建平等、正义的核安全合作机制,积极打造安全共同体,让参与者共享安全与和平。拥核国应该承担更大的道德责任,切实维护核不扩散体制,努力铲除核恐怖主义,稳步推进世界无核化进程。
English Summary:
      The nuclear deterrence in a risky society has many uncertainties, which can lead to technical risk, trust risk, political risk and moral risk. The thinking mode of subject-object dichotomy, disorder of international norms, inherent logic contradiction and the lack of moral responsibility, all of them can cause and escalate those risks, of which moral responsibility is the fundamental factor. In the face of increasing severe nuclear security situation, countries should cultivate political wisdom and moral rationality, strengthen symbiotic consciousness and ontological security, set up equal and just nuclear safety cooperation mechanism ,and build up a security community, to make participants share security and peace. The nuclear states ought to shoulder greater moral responsibility to uphold the nuclear non-proliferation regime, strive to eradicate nuclear terrorism ,and steadily advance the process of denuclearization in the world.
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