程静.基因技术、自然与社会失序 ——“敬畏生命伦理”视野下的《羚羊与秧鸡》[J].,2019,(6):102-108
基因技术、自然与社会失序 ——“敬畏生命伦理”视野下的《羚羊与秧鸡》
Genetic Technologies, Nature and Societal Disorder in Posthuman Discourse:An Interpretation of Oryx and Crake from “Reverence-for-Life” Ethics
投稿时间:2019-12-02  
DOI:
中文关键词:  基因工程  社会与自然的关系  技术统治  精神贫困  敬畏生命伦理
English Keywords:genetic engineering  the man-nature-society relationship  technocracy  spiritual poverty  the ethics of “reverence for life”
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作者单位
程静 南华大学 语言文学学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
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中文摘要:
      《羚羊与秧鸡》虚构了一个晚期资本主义极权政治、商业文化与技术垄断相结合的恶托邦后人类社会,精细地再现了多元的人性、技术垄断与个人意志的碰撞、后人类社会的社会失序与人为的自然秩序失衡、精神贫困与技术风险。通过毁灭性基因工程所触发的末世景象,小说艺术地再现了人类对现代技术的深刻欲望与恐惧,折射出由人性的恶、大公司的资本主义利润追逐与技治主义、个体与社会的精神性之扭曲、缺乏对生命的敬畏等多种因素交互作用而形成的风险社会。文章通过小说家对人类未来的思考,探讨了“技术伦理的发展”滞后于技术自身发展的问题。现代技术在具体的政治、文化、经济体制中运行,它的存在本应是服务人类而非辖制人类。借助于“敬畏生命”伦理,启迪读者正确把握人类在与社会、自然关系中的自我定位,以比较完善的生命伦理原则来矫正后人类社会的缺陷,建构“以自然为中心”“以生命为中心”“诗意地栖息”的人类社会。
English Summary:
      Oryx and Crake fabricates a dystopia post-human society in which the totalitarian politics of late capitalism is combined with technocracy and commercial culture. It delicately represents the complexity of human nature, the conflict between technocracy and individual wills, the nature disorder in post-human society, the spiritual impoverishment and potential technological risk for the public. Through the apocalyptic scenario caused by destructive genetic engineering, the novel artistically demonstrates man’s deep-rooted fear and desire toward modern technology. Sharing the author’s speculating on human future, this paper analyzes the phenomenon that the development of technological ethics lags behind the development of technology, with the vision that modern technologies operate in specific politics, culture, economic system. The existence of technologies is supposed to serve human beings instead of controlling human beings. And by the aid of “reverence-for-life” philosophy, this paper points out that the novel enlightens us to correctly identify ourselves in the interrelation of man, nature and society, to rectify the drawbacks of post-human society through sounder principles of life ethics, and construct “nature-centered”,“life-centered”and “poetically-dwelling” society.
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