张东赞.现代汉语自足句中谓语动词时间属性的凸显[J].,2019,(6):87-91
现代汉语自足句中谓语动词时间属性的凸显
The Grammatical Means of Highlighting the Time Attribute of Predicate Verbs in Modern Chinese Self-contained Sentences
投稿时间:2019-06-27  
DOI:
中文关键词:  谓语  自足句  时间  参照点
English Keywords:predicate  verb  time
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张东赞 外交学院 基础教学部,北京 100037 
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中文摘要:
      谓语动词所隐含的时间属性是句子中重要的“量”,谓语动词时间属性的凸显关系到谓语信息量的自足。在现代汉语中,时间名词作为宏观时间系统的主要成员可以直接表示时间属性。时间副词和动态助词作为微观时间系统的成员则以模糊的量凸显动作的时间属性,此外,趋向动词以及补语都是凸显谓语动词时间属性的重要语法成分。
English Summary:
      The time attribute implied by predicate verbs is an important “quantity” in sentences, and the prominence of predicate verbs' time attribute is related to the sufficiency of predicate information. In modern Chinese, time nouns, as the main members of the macroscopic time system, can directly and accurately represent time attributes. Time adverbs and dynamic of utterances as members of the micro time system with fuzzy action are highlighted by the amount of time property, in addition, the trend verb and complement are important grammar highlighting time attributes of the verb.
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