李阿宁.自欺·处境·自由 ——《玻璃动物园》中劳拉命运的存在主义解读[J].,2019,(3):113-117
自欺·处境·自由 ——《玻璃动物园》中劳拉命运的存在主义解读
Bad Faith Situation Freedom
投稿时间:2018-12-24  
DOI:
中文关键词:  《玻璃动物园》  威廉斯  美国戏剧  劳拉  存在主义
English Keywords:The Glass Menagerie  Williams  American drama  Laura  Existentialism
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作者单位
李阿宁 滁州学院 外国语学院,安徽 滁州 239000 
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中文摘要:
      在田纳西·威廉斯的成名剧作《玻璃动物园》中,女主人公劳拉在剧终没有收获圆满的爱情,由此为她的命运蒙上了悲剧性的面纱。威廉斯曾在他的自传中表露出对萨特存在主义哲学深深地着迷,基于萨特对三个哲学概念——自欺、处境、自由的定义,探讨劳拉人物命运的存在主义特征,以此来重审劳拉的命运,从理论上对思考她在全剧中成长历程的完满性、人物命运的喜剧性具有重要意义。
English Summary:
      In The Glass Menagerie, which sets up Tennessee Williams' reputation, the heroine Laura does not obtain a happy love relationship at the end of the play, which casts a shadow to her destiny. Williams once expressed in his Memoir that he was deeply fascinated with Sartre's existential philosophy. Based on Sartre's definition of “Bad Faith”, “Situation” and “Freedom”, which are some of the central ideas of his existential philosophy, it is of great importance to explore the existential characteristics of Laura's fate and to rethink her destiny. The conclusion shows that there is completeness in Laura's growth and comical features in her destiny.
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