杨建新,冯锵,李平艳.语篇态度的认知解读[J].,2019,(3):101-106
语篇态度的认知解读
Aü Cognitive Interpretation of Discourse Attitude
投稿时间:2018-03-16  
DOI:
中文关键词:  局部显性态度  宏观隐性态度  框架  隐喻  转喻
English Keywords:local explicit attitudes  macro implicit attitude  frame  metaphor  metonymy
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作者单位
杨建新 复旦大学 外文学院,上海 200433 
冯锵 复旦大学 外文学院,上海 200433 
李平艳 复旦大学 外文学院,上海 200433 
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中文摘要:
      文章尝试从认知语言学的角度分析语篇中局部显性态度和宏观隐性态度的实现。在局部显性态度层面,态度表达的整体事件模型包括诱发物、内心态度和行为反应3个因素,共处一个事件模型中的这3个因素会在语篇中有不同程度的凸显,同时也出现用诱发物特征和行为反应特征来转喻内心态度的情况。其次,在态度的表述中还涉及隐喻。一是两个事件域之间的隐喻,即将已经存在事件的评价投射到当前事件中,形成对当前事件的评价;二是通过精细隐喻将某一具体事物的特征投射到被评价物之上,形成对被评价物的态度表征。在宏观层面,语篇会激活读者大脑中的认知图式,架构出语篇的宏观隐性态度。语篇架构的宏观隐性态度与词汇语法资源表示的局部显性态度可能形成一致、局部显性态度缺失、及宏观隐性态度对局部显性态度压制3种关系。
English Summary:
      The present paper tries to analyze the realization of micro explicit and macro implicit attitude in discourse from cognitive linguistics. As to the local explicit attitude, the overall event model of attitude expression includes three factors:inducement, attitude response and behavioral response. Different prominences are given to those elements when they are realized in discourse, and inducement and behavioral response are used metonymically to represent attitude response. Besides, metaphors are also involved in the following two cases:one is projecting the evaluation of a known event onto the current event,another is projecting features of a concrete entity onto the current one by lean metaphor. At the macro level, the discourse activates reader's cognitive schema and constructs the macro implicit attitude of the discourse. The macro implicit attitudes of discourse and local explicit attitudes expressed by lexical grammatical resources may have three dominant relationships:consistent, local explicit attitudes are missing, and macro implicit attitudes suppress the local explicit attitudes.
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