冯骁聪.遗骸犯罪客体要件:危机与重塑[J].,2019,(2):79-86
遗骸犯罪客体要件:危机与重塑
On the Object Element of Crimes Target on Corpse:Crisis and Reshaping
投稿时间:2018-06-18  
DOI:
中文关键词:  遗骸犯罪  犯罪客体  人格利益  社会秩序  法律伦理主义
English Keywords:crimes target on corpse  objects of crime  personal interests  social order  legal ethicism
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作者单位
冯骁聪 湖南工业大学 法学院,湖南 株洲 412007 
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中文摘要:
      遗骸犯罪的客体要件为影响社会秩序“良风美俗”是理论与实务界几乎不受质疑的“共识”。然而,如此“共识”却引发诸如扭曲犯罪对象与客体关系,不当罚行为“乘虚入罪”,破坏法秩序统一状态等深刻危机。从遗骸的法律性质以及法秩序统一状态出发,本罪的客体要件应当厘定为属于公民人身权利范畴的亲属人格利益。基于客体要件的重新厘定及实质的刑法解释立场,本罪犯罪对象应涵盖全部寄托亲属人格利益的遗骸形态,实行行为应囊括侵害关于遗骸人格利益的基本类型,犯罪成立应当以显著侵害人格利益为前提。遗骸犯罪的反伦理性与对社会秩序的侵犯之间并无必然联系,应当除魅社会秩序认定中的伦理因素,精准把握行为的反伦理性与妨害社会秩序之间的本质界限,从根源上清算刑法中的“法律伦理主义”残余。
English Summary:
      There is an undoubted consensus that the object element of the crimes target on corpse is the social order between theory and practice. However, such a “consensus” has caused those crisis as distorting the relationship between criminal object and criminal target, incriminalizing conducts which should not be punished and and destroying the legal order unified state. Starting from the legal nature of the corpse and the unified state of legal order, the object elements of such offence should be defined as the personal interests of family that belong to the category of civil rights of the individual. Based on the new definition of the object elements, the target of crime should cover all types of corpse that reflects personality interests for ralatives, act of perpetrating should include the basic types of infringement on personality interests, crime establishment should be on the premise of significant infringement of personality interests. There is no positive connection between the anti-ethical character of such crime and infringement on social order.So that ethical factors should be get rid from social order and the essential boundary between the anti-ethical behavior and disruption of the social order should be accurately grasped, thus to eliminate residue of “legal ethics principle”in criminal law.
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