钟袁源.习练健身气功·导引养生功十二法对老年女性身体机能、运动素质的影响研究[J].,2019,(2):28-33
习练健身气功·导引养生功十二法对老年女性身体机能、运动素质的影响研究
The Research on the Effects of the Daoyin Yangsheng Gong Twelve Method of Health Qigong on the Physical Function of Elderly Women
投稿时间:2018-07-01  
DOI:
中文关键词:  老年女性  健身气功  导引养生功  体质健康  运动素质
English Keywords:elderly women  health Qigong  Daoyin Yangsheng Gong  physical health
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作者单位
钟袁源 江西中医药大学 体育部,江西 南昌 330000 
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中文摘要:
      为验证习练健身气功·导引养生功十二法对老年女性身体机能、运动素质改善。同时为推广和普及“十二法”提供理论和实践支持,进而为推广健身气功,促进国家全民健身事业的发展服务。采用实验法,即将30名老年女性分为习练组与非习练组,对比分析习练24周后的习练组与非习练组的身体机能与运动素质。研究发现,在身体机能方面:“十二法”组收缩压显著降低,肺活量非常显著升高;对照组舒张压明显升高,肺活量明显下降;且在肺活量指标上,“十二法”组非常显著高于对照组(P<0.01)。在运动素质方面:“十二法”组的反应时非常显著缩短,坐位体前屈、闭眼单脚站立、台阶指数显著升高;对照组的坐位体前屈、台阶指数显著降低;且在闭眼单脚站立、台阶试验、坐位体前屈指标上,“十二法”组非常显著高于对照组(P<0.01);反应时指标上,“十二法”组显著优于对照组(P<0.05)。
English Summary:
      To verify the improvement of physical function and athletic quality of the aged women by practicing Qigong for body-building and guiding health preservation. At the same time, it provides theoretical and practical support for popularizing the “twelve laws”, and further serves to popularize the body-building Qigong and promote the development of national fitness undertakings. Using the experimental method, 30 elderly women were divided into practice group and non-practice group. In terms of physical function, systolic blood pressure was significantly decreased and vital capacity was significantly increased in the twelve methods group. In the control group, diastolic blood pressure increased significantly and vital capacity decreased significantly. In addition, on the index of lung capacity, the 12-method group was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.01). In terms of sports quality, the reaction time of the twelve methods group was significantly shortened, and the sitting body was forward flexion, standing with one foot closed, and step index was significantly increased. The index of sitting body forward flexion and step decreased significantly in the control group. In addition, the indexes of standing with closed eyes, step test and pre-flexion of the seat were significantly higher in the twelve methods group than in the control group (P<0.01). On the reaction time index, the twelve methods group was significantly superior to the control group (P<0.05).
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