刘利乐,罗成翼.论核威慑的正义防御原则[J].,2019,(2):7-13
论核威慑的正义防御原则
On the Just Defense Principle of Nuclear Deterrence
投稿时间:2019-03-05  
DOI:
中文关键词:  核威慑  防御  权利  正义
English Keywords:nuclear deterrence  defense  rights  justice
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作者单位
刘利乐 湖南师范大学 公共管理学院,湖南 长沙410081 
罗成翼 湖南师范大学 公共管理学院,湖南 长沙410081 
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中文摘要:
      核威慑的正义防御原则对最大程度地限制核威慑这种“以恶制恶”的手段,具有重要理论与实践意义。核威慑的自然属性是战争防御手段,它是正义防御原则规制的前提。核正义威慑论为正义防御原则提供了理论基础。核威慑在维护国家主权与保护普遍人权之间可能存在冲突关系,这需要对核威慑的权力与权利进行限制。核威慑的权力必须在权利的框架内运行。正义防御原则的约束性规范以核威慑行为为中心,可以分为权利正当性与行为正义性两个层面。自我防卫原则、紧急必要原则和程序合法原则关涉核威慑权利的正当性,区别对待原则与手段相称原则涉及核威慑行为的正义性。
English Summary:
      The principle of just defense of nuclear deterrence is of great theoretical and practical significance in limiting nuclear deterrence to the greatest extent.The natural attribute of nuclear deterrence is the means of war defense, which is the premise of the principle of just defense.The theory of just nuclear deterrence provides a theoretical basis for the principle of just defense.There may be a conflict between the maintenance of national sovereignty and the protection of universal human rights, which requires the limitation of the power and rights of nuclear deterrence.The power of nuclear deterrence must operate within the framework of rights.The principle of just defense centered on nuclear deterrence can be divided into two levels:legitimacy and rightness.The principles of self-defence, emergency necessity and procedural legality concern the legitimacy of nuclear deterrence, while the principle of proportionality of means and the principle of differential treatment concern the justice of nuclear deterrence.
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