戴立操,陆文捷.界面管理任务对核电厂操纵员的认知行为影响分析[J].,2019,(1):8-13
界面管理任务对核电厂操纵员的认知行为影响分析
Analysis of the Impact of Interface Management Tasks on Cognitive Behavior of Nuclear Power Plant Operators
投稿时间:2019-01-02  
DOI:
中文关键词:  核电厂  数字化主控室  认知行为  界面管理任务
English Keywords:nuclear power plant  digital main control room  cognitive behavior  interface management task
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作者单位
戴立操 南华大学 经济管理与法学学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
陆文捷 南华大学 经济管理与法学学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
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中文摘要:
      为了识别界面管理任务对核电厂操纵员的认知行为的影响,首先对核电厂数字化主控室人机界面特征进行分析,并识别操纵员的主要认知行为特征,然后分别从监视检测、状态评估、计划响应、计划执行4种主要的认知行为进行分析,识别界面管理任务对其的影响。结果显示,界面管理任务对认知行为产生的不利影响主要表现为操纵员的认知负荷和操作负荷的增加。针对上述的不利影响,提出了相应的人因失误预防对策。
English Summary:
      In order to identify the impact of interface management tasks on the cognitive behavior of nuclear power plant operators, this paper analyzes the human-machine interface characteristics of the digital control room, identifies the main cognitive behavior characteristics of the operator, and then analyzes the four main cognitive behaviors from monitoring and detection, state assessment, plan response and plan execution to identify the impact of the interface management task. The results show that the adverse effects of interface management tasks on cognitive behavior are mainly manifested by the operator's cognitive load and operational load increase. In response to the above adverse effects, the corresponding countermeasures for human error prevention were proposed.
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