任德曦,胡泊,任伟.关于推进我国由核大国向核强国迈进的探讨与思考[J].,2018,(1):5-11
关于推进我国由核大国向核强国迈进的探讨与思考
Evolution of Powerful Nuclear Industry in Aeroamphibious Parallel
投稿时间:2017-09-30  
DOI:
中文关键词:  核大国  核强国  华龙一号  海陆空并进  后处理核燃料循环  核安全与核应急  军民深度融合战略
English Keywords:nuclear industries  strategy of civil-military integration  aeroamphibious development  Hualong-One reactor  High-Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR)  nuclear safety and nuclear emergency  circulation of nuclear fuel in post-process
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作者单位
任德曦 南华大学 经济管理学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
胡泊 南华大学 经济管理学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
任伟 南华大学 经济管理学院,湖南 衡阳 421001 
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中文摘要:
      论文阐述了推进我国核大国向核强国迈进的背景、规划、核战略产业、军民融合海陆空领域的发展。首先题解我国核大国、强国的顶层设计、国外背景、10大产业的大国强国方向;进而阐明了我国已步入核电大国行列,在役在建设核电站进入世界第三位,但核电在国际国内能源、电力中比重很小,迈向核电强国任务艰巨;进而阐明举全国之力做强我国核工业,建设更先进的核潜艇,研发中国战略重器核航空母舰;建立强大有后处理的核燃料循环,打造“中国造”华龙1号,全产业链走出去;实施一批重大工程建设,推动核科技进步,继续研发、部署小堆项目建设;抓紧以核电代煤、治霾、减碳、供热的开发工作;加大核科技在农学、医学、科研、军工的应用。认真贯彻《核安全法》确保核工业安全发展,健全完善核应急体系,推动核安保能力提升,不断完善核安全结构和核安全系统的顶层设计,保障核工业安全万无一失。抓好军民深度融合国家战略发展,军民对接,使命承担,发展军民融合产业。
English Summary:
      The thesis illustrates the background,plans,strategy,and aeroamphibious civil-military integration development of powerful nuclear industry.It describes the top-level design of China's nuclear power,analyzes the background of international nuclear development and puts forward the development direction of ten nuclear industries.China has been in the rank of big country of nuclear power.The number of nuclear power stations being constructed and in-service is in the third place of the world.However,nuclear power accounts for a small share in domestic energy utilization and electricity generation.Therefore,it is a challenging task for China to become a big powerful nation in nuclear.The actions should be taken ASAP to break the dilemma padded the short board of nuclear industry in order to boost China's nuclear power with aeroamphibious development.First of all,the setup and operation of 58 million kilowatt nuclear electricity should be finished safely and sufficiently by 2020.The layout and initialization of 30 million kilowatt nuclear electricity under construction follows on to be performed.More advanced nuclear submarines should be built.China's strategic nuclear aircraft carrier researched and initiated is essential to an effective nuclear deterrent.To solve the short board,a strong circulation of nuclear fuel in post-process has to be established.Second,a number of major projects will be implemented to advance nuclear science and technology.The construction of a Chinese-designed Hualong-One reactor leads the whole industry chain to go out to the world.The fourth generation demonstration fast reactor power station is started up as a nuclear energy systems engineering.Modular High-Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) is being built and will be put into operation.The research and deploy of various small reactor projects will be afterward on its way.Third,it takes further efforts to do the research of the replacement of coal by nuclear power,to fight against haze,to reduce carbon emission and to increase the supply of heat as well.The application of nuclear technology will be strengthened and be popularized in agriculture,medicine,scientific research and military industry.Fourth,to ensure the safety of the nuclear industry and to promote the upgrading of nuclear security capabilities,the system of the nuclear safety and nuclear emergency will continue to be perfected. Finally,the national strategy of civil-military depth fusion development is carried out.The formation of an all-factor,multi-field and cost-effective civil-military integration of the deep development pattern should be speeded up.Military and civilian alignment,taking responsibility to assume,will facilitate the development of the civil-military integration industries.
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